SUBJ WALT LIPPMANN EVAL
(NORTH BEACH BUREAU)--Following article from Lewiston Evening Journal immediately following the Goldwater victory over Rockefeller on June 2, 1964:
(OCR UNEDITED)--June5, 1964--
By WALTER LIPPMANN Sen. Barry Goldwater's vic-tory in California is the begin-ning, not the end, of the drama and ordeal of the Republican Party. For California is by no means a true sample of the Republican Party in the nation, and if Goldwater is nominated it can be only because a majority of the delegates decide to ig-nore and override the wishes and the opinions and the inter-ests of the majority of the Re-publican voters. Senator Goldwater himself has shown that he is well aware that he divides the Republican Party. That is why he is,pound-ing away at the duty of all Re-publicans to rally around him after they have been run over by his steamroller. Prepared to Risk The Republican drama turns on whether the moderate lead-ers are prepared to risk the dis-affection of the extremists of the right in order to preserve the main traditions of the par-ty. It was these traditions which Gen. Dwight Eisenhower described the other day in his article for the New York Her-ald Tribune. In view, however, of the fact that on the eve of the California primary General Eisenhower himself repudiated Roscoe Drummond's apparently au-thorized interpretation o' the article, it is reasonably certain that General Eisenhower has no stomach for the fight. Perhaps he can be fortified once more. For if the moderate Republi-can center cannot rally around the ex-President, then it will be exceedingly difficult to prevent the capture of the party by the determined minority on the right. Difficult It will be difficult, especially if General Eisenhower retires from the struggle, but it is too early to say that it is impossi-ble. There are powerful seg-ments of the Republican Party which have everything to lose if Goldwater is the head Of the ticket. In great states like Illi-nois, Michigan, Ohio, Pennsyl-vania, New York, New Jersey and California, it may be that no available Republican midi-date can defeat President Johnson. But in these states the Republican tickets, which include governors and senators, would be ravaged by Goldwa-ter's nomination. As many of the Republican leaders in these pivotal states eligibility rules. The length of residence in the state required for OAA eligibility differs from state to state. So you may have lo wait a while before becoming eligible You can find out how long by applying to your local welfare agency,
will have their political lives in jeopardy, they may yet find the courage and the will to come together and to do what it is still possible to do—to stop the nomination of Goldwater and to rally to the traditional Re• publican, like G o v. William Scranton, who unites the party. Split the Party Failing this, the Republican convention of 1964 will be in many ways like the disastrous convention of 1912, which split the party when the old guard machine delegates rode over the Theodore Roosevelt pro-gressives. The party will not split this year as it did in 1912. The moderates will not nomi-nate a candidate of their own.
But the constituency of the mod• crate leaders will crumble; a n d confronted with Barry Goldwater, large sections of the Republican voters will turn to Lyndon Johnson. During the California primary campaign it was estimated that about 40% of the Republican voters preferred Johnson to Goldwater or Rockefeller. It can be said, of course, that this is a delightful prospect for the Democrats. But, much as I prefer Lyndon Johnson to any of the available Republican candidates and hope for his election with a decisive man-date, the prospect of a Repub-lican Party controlled by an ex-tremist factir is disturbing. It
will rupture that cohesiveness around the moderate center which is the special genius of the American party system. It is a dangerous thing nt this time to inject into our public life such a divisive force as Goldwater incarnates. We are a great continental plural society, and we cannot afford to have a politician running for President who makes it his vo-cation to sharpen and to em-bitter t h e sectional, racial, class, ideological issues that we must learn to live with and to outlive. Nor can we afford the tom-toms and the flagpole sitting which he substitutes for serious consideration of the terrible is-sues of peace and war.
END OF REPORT--