THE LOWDOWN ON THE SCANDAL--
(SANTA CRUZ, CA)-- Background on Livingstone's claim of the secret deal between Adolf Hitler and the Jews in 1932 comes to light in the book "The Transfer Agreement", written by Edwin Black and published in 1984. The following is an article surrounding the book found in the Milwaukee Journal shortly after it went on to the market. The text is in OCR, unedited from the original article.
MILWAUKEE JOURNAL (April 29, 1984)--
Book adds an explosive chapter to Holocaust
By Alen J. Bomuk urn. witnesses Ztlti!torTn'olltrrptrVd■re'red store and autographed e.li one. sOnnOlIng libledness or geolue Edwin Block." It le the key questlon he poses In the new hook, "no Veneer Agreement." But. controversy about the hook begins N tlee.1113 • question some will aels In a Wonder content. Mode. make an agreement with N.A.
1933 tht might hove prevent. littler from exhaustively documented and compelling book being knalced out of power put helped create that Ackert,/ sympathetic to the Jews In Its the state ot Israel. Madness or geollust intent, But enough people *Mostly reedeA young Chicago lownenst with no nooks to his cremcdeeldes to throw almost en los or flnoomm smuts. Into airing • chapter of irodilY U. Annus, lotecnidloonl OnY history diet almost no one has focused on until remembrance for the Nazi Holocaust Om now. ?Acidness or genius? killed cannons. P.ple. Including 0 nnIllon ne. sew sod zdoidot c.c.,. Jews. Pei ore It ended In 1315.1t 13 • sure song an extremely SINISHIVe ,100e1 Net co. nanny peek oil., O.m.P.....siOntlY be Wk. ey some M provide amMuoltlon wtll raise the quesUoll anttiSemItee and anti...Zionists. He writes an Turn to Book, Page 12
among some of the thousands attend-ing ceremonies today of whether the world is beginning to attempt to blame the victims for the Holocaust. Not In question At first blush, it sounds absurd to say there was an agreement In 1933 between Adolf Hitler's German Third Reich and Zionists. people who sup-ported creation of a Jewish state In Palestine. As one rabbi put It, It's like someone claiming there was an agreement between Martin Luther King and the Ku Klux Klan. But it appears that no one is con-testing that there was basically such an agreement. Black's book deals with the months Immediately following the appointment of Hitler as chancellor of Germany and the start of the poli-cies of repressing Jews that grew into the Final Solution. Jewish groups around the world
responded. But as "The Transfer Agreement" vividly shows, there were strong and passionate differ-ences over how to handle the crisis. Some groups argued that It was best to try quiet diplomacy; others spon-sored large and passionate rallies. Some began to organize a worldwide boycott of German goods. Controversial aspect One critical and controversial as-pect of "The Transfer Agreement" is its contention that the German econ-omy was very vulnerable to a boy-cott at the time. Exports were criti-cal to keeping the economy going, which was critical to keeping the Nazis in power, the book says. Hitler also believed Jews had more power economically and far more unity in their actions than was true in reality. In its early stages, the boycott had some effect and scared the Nazis. Zionism was a major and contro-versial movement within Judaism at that time. In general, the movement held that the solution to Jewish op-pression in Europe was creation of a Jewish state. Many Zionists saw what Hitler was doing in the early days of the Third Reich — before the dimensions of the Holocaust were imagined — as typical of the oppressions Jews un-derwent periodically. So there was a peculiar similarity between what the Nazis and Zionists were striving for: The Nazis wanted Jews out of Germany and the Zion-ists felt the only solution for saving Judaism as a whole was for Jews to come to Palestine. The book says this came together in an agreement: After heated debate
and Infighting, the Zionist Organiza-tion, the central body of Zionism, voted in August 1933 not to support a boycott of German goods. In ex-change. the Nazis agreed to a system that led in following years to the emigration of about 60.000 German Jews — about 10% of the German Jewish population — to Palestine and the transfer of about $100 mil-lion worth of German assets to the Jewish-state-in-the-making. Much of what happened was re-ported at the time. but it never be-came a part of widely held knowl-. edge. Without Zionist support, the boy-cott faltered and the period In which it might have succeeded passed, the book says. But wait a minute — is that to say that the Zionists could have toppled Hitler and passed up the chance. and by extension are partly to blame for the Holocaust? Black said in an afterword to his book that such a reading "is an ab-surd distortion of the facts in my book, but many intelligent people have emotionally asked the ques-tion." "The answer is, of course, no." Mistakes possible For one thing, Jewish groups at least struggled extensively with how to respond to the kind of evil Hitler represented while many others. in-cluding nations with the power to have done something. stood Idle. "We did a better job than most" In reacting, Black said in an Interview. And If the response was not perfect. Jews. like any nation, can make mis-takes, he said. Black takes a further controversial position In the book: that the agree-ment with the Nazis was critical to the creation of Israel. The people and goods that went from Germany to Palestine became the heart of the economic and cultural structure of Israel and provided the physical structure for linking the scattered Jewish communities in the area. He says flatly that the transfer agreement made the nation. "But the price of this new nation (wash abandonment of the war against Nazi Germany." he said In the book. He said It was the fulfill- ment of the words of Theodor Heal, one of the founders of Zionism, that saving the Jewish people would mean having whole branches wither to let the trunk survive. Black wrote, "This one time, this crucial and unparalleled time, the emergency would be used to secure a future, not ransom a past. From this crisis of humiliation, agony, and ex-pulsion would come sanctuary, na-tionhood, and a new Jew, with a new home to call his own." So was it the right thing to do, to make an agreement with the Nazis? Was It genius or was it madness? No direct answer Black is careful not to answer di- l rectly. He said he wanted readers to ask themselves that after they read the book — "and If they got the mes-sage, they'll say, 'I don't know.' " But a reporter came away from the book and a five-hour visit with Black with the strong feeling the I author felt it was genius. Nazism was always of deep inter-est to Black for obvious reasons: Both his parents are survivors of the Holo-caust. He said in the book: "My mother as a girl had been pushed by her i mother through the vent of a boxcar on the way to the Treblinka death i camp. She was shot by Nazi soldiers I and (partially( buried in a shallow mass grave. My father had stepped out of line during a long march to a t death camp train."
Ms father pulled Ms mother from the grave and the two hn undl the war was over. They married • Nwca.me to. Chicago. where Mack, who la Wm Mack. I free-twee fournalist, first heard the claim that there I. been a NansZionlst egress ment In 978 while he was covering Me orium. versa surrounding a plan for Nazis to march In the Chicago sub. of Skokie. The idea of such an agreement guyedmind,. about a year later, he decided to pursue In Ms pare. were extremely upset at first —the idea that their son would write something Mat sounded like the Jews were in league with Hitler. Ins mother Mr.e. to him As If he were dead and have a religious period of m.nIng . hin :%901 W.. 9 .00.1krge dinn of what he me nook M be. When they read lt.his pars ens changed their minds. They said the know, edge helped them undernand what NMI.. then. Ilse project ended up taking almost Ave yews, and it involved exteMve travel M Europe and Is. rael and research anistance from dozens of pea ple. The 100.page canine grew MM plans for a trilogy — a secoM book dealing with 194,39, the yews when the transfer agreement was Imple-mented. aM a thIrd dealing with the long-tern e=7-7;`. there on con him about 8100.000, and he expects to lose money on the book even If
hoped for. Although many people have expressed ::;■=7„!••LMITr=1,°.17,,tt Is distributing a sheet of p.se for Me NAM from scholars°, the Holocaust.
led4 formerGold-berg has just Issued a report an. Amen.
The daughter of Milwaukee resident. giro sur-treed ratter's HoloCaust describes the legacy len to the Second Generation: Page l of accent De nee News
Jews didn't M enough to fight the Neck a hook hmlg 1:vrto7p1:1 alti:r"L'Ire't Mese going M create a newhistory In which the hews are partly to Mame for Me horrors of Auschwitz and the many other death camps, What effect will this have on future treatment of Jews? riand a... director of Information for the TTtit=7,111%==Vs4% 7:trot Jews could have ton Nitler In 1917. Evan more. ha won unhappy about the publicity lams 7:4:°,21`,..t2Tolt`.17:17°V;17,1% and [ere Te;Pt at a grim when Zionism was under severe atack. Edwin Slack, who sald he Is a member of 7.0A hadm • ed it to be done compassionately and Now, he sant, If an anUnemitio charge le med. Mat Me Jews and Hitler I. an agreement. "people will say. Tie know... we know why.—
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